- Sanjack has more than 30 year’s experiences and equipped with class I, II & III pressure vessel production certificate. Leading products include tank, tower, furnace and structure parts.
- The annual production capacity is 10,000 tons.
- Sanjack obtained the qualification for manufacturing Class I and II pressure vessels in 1986, with national A2 (I, II, III) pressure vessel manufacturing qualification; D-level pressure vessel design qualification;
- A-level boiler manufacturing, installation, maintenance qualification;
Pressure Vessel Manufacturers and Suppliers
Sanjack has been manufacturing pressure vessels for oilfields since 1986.
A2 (I, II, III)
Sanjack obtained A2 (I, II, III) certificate and has 20+ years of experience in exporting pressure vessels.
A wide variety of products
The products cover many fields of crude oil heating, heat transfer, storage and separation.
Strong manufacturing capacity
Sanajck has more than 170 sets of pressure vessel processing equipment.
- Gas: ≤1×10 6 Nm3/d
- Liquid: ≤160000 m3/d
- Acidic and alkaline environments
- Remote automatic control
- High efficiency
- Remote automatic control
- Factory prefabrication and site construction
- Heating, Throttling
- Separation, Metering, Testing
- PLC + computer + DCS
- Multilevel security measures
- 100% efficiency
- A2 standard design
- Vehicle mounted and skid mounted
In 1986, Sanjack obtained the manufacturing qualification of Class I and II pressure vessels; In 1997, it obtained the Grade 3 installation qualification of the construction industry. Obtained crane installation and maintenance license in 2004; In 2005, we obtained the B-class pressure pipe component manufacturing license, in 2007, we obtained the D-class pressure vessel design license, and in 2008, we obtained the A-class boiler design and manufacturing qualification. The main products are petroleum and chemical Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ type pressure vessels, including oil field steam injection boilers, storage vessels, reaction vessels, heat exchange vessels and separation vessels and stainless steel vessels, oil field heating furnaces.
Introduction of Three-phase Separator
Three-phase separators are essential components in the oil and gas industry. They are used to separate different phases of fluids, primarily oil, gas, and water, ensuring the smooth operation of production facilities and the efficient processing of hydrocarbon resources. This article will provide a detailed overview of three-phase separators, including their working principles, types, components, design considerations, and maintenance procedures.
Three-phase separators leverage the difference in density between oil, gas, and water to separate the three phases. When a mixed stream of oil, gas, and water enters the separator, it undergoes a series of physical processes to facilitate phase separation. These processes include gravity settling, coalescing, and centrifugal force.
Gravity settling occurs due to the difference in density between the three phases. Oil, being the lightest, rises to the top of the separator, forming the oil layer. Gas, being the next lightest, accumulates in the middle portion as the gas layer. Water, being the heaviest, settles at the bottom, forming the water layer. The phase separation achieved by gravity settling is not perfect, which is why additional mechanisms are employed.
Coalescing is used to enhance the separation of oil droplets from the water layer. Coalescing plates or media are installed in the separator to increase the surface area available for droplets to join together, forming larger droplets that can be easily separated by gravity.
Centrifugal force is utilized to separate smaller oil droplets from the gas layer. As the mixed stream enters the separator and is directed tangentially, the rotational motion causes the gas to move towards the center while the oil droplets are forced towards the outer edges of the separator. The oil is then collected and removed from the separator.
2.Types of Three-Phase Separators:
There are different types of three-phase separators available, depending on the specific requirements of the oil and gas processing facility. The two main types are horizontal separators and vertical separators.
Horizontal separators are the most widely used type due to their compact design and ease of installation. They consist of a cylindrical vessel with an oil outlet located at the top, a gas outlet in the middle, and a water outlet at the bottom. The separation process occurs horizontally, allowing the phases to settle in their respective layers.
Vertical separators, as the name suggests, have a vertical orientation. They are generally larger in size and capable of handling higher flow rates compared to horizontal separators. Vertical separators are commonly used in offshore applications where space is limited, and larger vessels are required for efficient phase separation.
3.Components of 3-Phase Separators:
Regardless of the type, three-phase separators typically consist of the following components:
1). Inlet device: The inlet device is responsible for distributing the mixed stream evenly and reducing turbulence before it enters the separator. Common types of inlet devices include diverter plates, deflector plates, and inlet cyclones.
2). Baffles: Baffles are installed inside the separator to promote the downward flow of the liquid phases and prevent the mixing of oil, gas, and water. They guide the flow pattern and enhance phase separation efficiency.
3). Gas outlet: The gas outlet is located at the top of the separator and allows the separated gas phase to exit the vessel. Depending on the specific requirements, gas outlets may include mist extractors or demister pads to remove any liquid droplets entrained in the gas.
4). Liquid outlets: Separate liquid outlets are provided for the oil and water phases, located at the top and bottom of the separator, respectively. These outlets allow the collected oil and water to be discharged from the system.
When designing a three-phase separator, several factors need to be considered to ensure efficient and reliable operation:
1). Flow rates: The anticipated flow rates of oil, gas, and water need to be accurately estimated to determine the separator’s size and capacity. The internal components, such as the inlet device, baffles, and outlets, should be designed to handle the expected flow rates without causing any operational issues.
2). Pressure and temperature: The pressure and temperature conditions of the fluid stream are essential for selecting the appropriate materials and designing the separator’s structural integrity. The separator must be capable of withstanding the operating pressure and temperature without any leaks or failures.
3). Separation efficiency: Efficient phase separation is crucial for maximizing resource recovery. The design should aim to achieve high separation efficiency, ensuring that the oil, gas, and water phases are sufficiently separated and can be easily collected and processed.
4). Material selection: The separato
5.Application of three phase separator
The onsite application of a three-phase separator is widely used in the oil and gas industry to separate crude oil, natural gas, and water from a well stream. This equipment plays a crucial role in the production process by efficiently separating the three phases and facilitating further processing.
In the field, a three-phase separator can be found at wellheads, production platforms, and other oil and gas production facilities. Its main purpose is to separate the gas, oil, and water components, which are produced together, into separate streams.
The separator operates by utilizing the differences in density between the three phases. The well stream enters the separator, and due to the pressure and flow dynamics, the gas component rises to the top, while the water component settles at the bottom. The oil phase, which lies in between the gas and water, is then collected and discharged through an outlet.
The separated gas is typically routed to gas processing facilities for further treatment and utilization. The separated oil undergoes additional processes such as stabilization, dehydration, and refining before it is transported to refineries for conversion into various oil-based products. The separated water is treated and disposed of to meet regulatory and environmental standards.
The use of three-phase separators on-site significantly improves the efficiency and productivity of oil and gas production. It ensures that the produced hydrocarbons are correctly separated, enabling easier handling and processing of each component. Additionally, it helps to minimize environmental impacts by effectively managing wastewater discharge. Overall, the implementation of three-phase separators is a crucial step in optimizing the entire production process and ensuring the safe and sustainable extraction of oil and gas resources.